DIY Timber Floor Cleaning: How to Do It Like a Pro

Timber floors are a beautiful and timeless addition to any home, but they also require proper care and attention to maintain their luxurious appearance. 

How do you keep your timber floors looking as stunning as the day they were installed? This comprehensive guide will walk you through the essential cleaning techniques, best practices, and expert tips for cleaning timber floors like a pro.

Essential Timber Floor Cleaning Techniques

Regular cleaning is a necessity if you want to maintain your timber floors in top condition. Sweeping, vacuuming, and damp mopping are the three main techniques for maintaining cleanliness and preventing damage to your timber floors.

Adding these fundamental practices to your cleaning routine can help extend the lifespan of your hardwood flooring, ensuring it continues to look its best.

Sweeping and Dusting

Sweeping and dusting are the first lines of defence when it comes to maintaining timber floors. Frequent sweeping with a soft-bristle broom or microfiber mop helps eliminate dirt, dust, and pet hair that can accumulate on your wood surfaces. Doing this not only keeps your hardwood floors clean but also helps preserve the wood floor’s finish, preventing scratches and dullness.

Sweeping or vacuuming your timber floors at least once a week is a good rule of thumb. This frequency ensures that tracked-in dirt and debris are removed promptly, preventing them from causing damage to your floor’s surface. Remember that a clean floor not only looks better but also contributes to a healthier living environment.


While sweeping and dusting are effective at removing surface dirt, vacuuming is an essential step in the cleaning process to eliminate debris from the crevices of your hardwood floors. Using a vacuum cleaner with a soft-bristle attachment is crucial to prevent scratches and maintain the floor’s surface.

Depending on foot traffic levels and the presence of pets, you should vacuum hardwood floors every few days. Regular vacuuming not only keeps your timber floors clean but also helps maintain indoor air quality by removing dust particles that can trigger allergies and respiratory issues.

Damp Mopping

Damp mopping is the final step in your regular timber floor cleaning routine. Use a well-wrung mop and an appropriate Hardwood Floor cleaning solution, or a mixture of warm water and mild washing liquid, to help remove surface grime without causing damage to your timber flooring.

When damp mopping, it is vital to avoid using excessive water, as this can cause the wood to absorb moisture, leading to warping, mould growth, and other forms of damage. By using just enough water to dampen the mop head, you can effectively remove dirt and stains while preserving the appearance and integrity of your timber floors.

Types of Timber Floors and Their Cleaning Needs

Different types of timber floors require specific cleaning methods to maintain their appearance and durability. Solid timber, engineered timber, and European oak timber floors each have unique cleaning needs that must be addressed to ensure the longevity and aesthetics of your hardwood flooring.

Gaining an understanding of your timber floors’ specific cleaning requirements will help maintain their appearance for years to come.

Solid Hardwood Floors

Solid hardwood floors, also known as hardwood timber floors, are known for their robustness, durability, and natural beauty. To maintain their luxurious look and wood floor’s finish, clean hardwood floors depending on the level of foot traffic and occasional deep cleaning.

Some common hardwood timber flooring species you might have in your home could be Ironbark, Blackbutt or Spotted Gum. Use a soft bristle broom or a vacuum cleaner with a soft floor brush attachment when cleaning your hardwood floors to avoid scratching them. 

Limit the use of water when cleaning solid hardwood floors, opting for a damp mop with a small spray of water or a combination of your chosen cleaning solution for a deeper clean. This approach helps preserve the hardwood flooring finishes and prevents moisture-related damage.

Engineered Timber Floors

Engineered timber floors are composed of multiple layers. The top layer is usually made of compressed oak wood, while the underlying layer is often plywood or composite substrate. These floors require consistent cleaning to prevent moisture damage and ensure proper indoor air quality. Regular sweeping and vacuuming help eliminate dust particles, while occasional damp mopping with an appropriate cleaning solution maintains the floor’s shiny surface.

For cleaning engineered timber floors, opt for gentle cleaning methods and steer clear of abrasive tools or harsh chemicals that may harm the surface. By following these guidelines, you can maintain the beauty and longevity of your engineered timber floors.

European Oak Timber Floors

European oak timber floors are softer than other hardwood flooring options, requiring gentle cleaning methods to prevent damage. Regular sweeping with a soft-bristled broom or sweeper, damp mopping with a microfibre dust mop, and spot cleaning with a manufacturer-approved solution are essential to maintaining European oak timber floors.

By using gentle techniques and a regular once-over, you can preserve the appearance and durability of your European oak timber flooring with minimal effort

Preventing Damage to Timber Floors

Preventing damage to your timber floors is just as important as cleaning them. A few simple preventative measures, like avoiding excess water, using suitable cleaning products, and managing furniture or daily traffic, can safeguard your hardwood floors and maintain their appearance for years to come.

Avoiding Excess Water

Using too much water when cleaning timber floors can lead to absorption, mould growth, and warping, especially in Australia’s warmer months. To avoid such issues, keep the water usage to a minimum when cleaning, using a damp (but not wet) mop.

In addition, be sure to promptly wipe up any spills or excess water to protect your timber floors from moisture-related damage.

Is it OK to clean wood floors with water?

It is definitely okay to clean wood floors with water, even more so than steam mopping, as steam mops can increase the humidity within finished and unfinished wood alike, increasing your risk of mould and warping down the track.

That’s not to say it should not be done with caution. Always wring out the mop before using it, and work in small areas at a time. Still unsure? Coming up is our go-to ritual for perfectly polished floors.

Proper Use of Cleaning Products

Selecting suitable cleaning products for your timber floors plays a crucial role in preventing damage.

Don’t DIY! There are hundreds of guides on the web suggesting homemade solutions of vinegar, baking soda, detergents, bleach and even hydrogen peroxide for cleaning hardwood floors and removing stains.

It’s important to avoid harsh chemicals and abrasives as most of these contain ingredients that are too acidic for hardwood floors and can damage the floor’s finish, opening up even the most solid timber to moisture and warping.

How can I prevent damage to my timber floors from furniture and foot traffic?

Daily traffic is a common conundrum for those new to living with wooden floors, but protecting your timber floors from scratches and wear caused by furniture and foot traffic is pretty simple.

All you really need to do is invest in some furniture pads, area rugs, and implement a no-shoes policy in your home to maintain a pristine floor surface.

How Often Do Timber Floors Need Deep Cleaning?

The frequency at which timber floors require deep cleaning depends on factors such as foot traffic and your lifestyle. Typically, deep cleaning should be performed around every 2 months.

Deep cleaning your hardwood timber floors can help prevent dirt and grime buildup, contributing to the durability and attractiveness of your hardwood flooring.

Our Step-by-Step Deep Cleaning Process

Step 1: Sweep Regularly

  • Before any deep cleaning, ensure that you sweep the timber floors regularly with a soft-bristle broom or microfiber mop. This action removes surface dirt and debris, preventing potential scratches during subsequent cleaning.

Step 2: Vacuum the Floor

  • Once the floor is free of surface debris, vacuum it thoroughly to remove any lingering dirt in the crevices.

Step 3: Damp Mop the Floor

  • Using a damp mop and an appropriate cleaning solution, clean the timber flooring. If you’re tackling a more substantial mess or stain, read on below before finishing up.

Step 4: Dry the Floor

  • After mopping, dry the floor with a clean, dry cloth to remove any residual moisture, ensuring the timber remains pristine.

By diligently following these steps, you’ll maintain the beauty and longevity of your timber floors for a lifetime.

Removing Common Stains

Different types of stains require specific removal techniques. Common stains such as:

  • Dark spots
  • Pet stains
  • Heel marks
  • Oil-based stains
  • Watermarks

can be effectively removed using targeted cleaning methods.

For example, dark water stains or pet stains can be tackled with any pH-neutral timber floor solution applied to the stain and left to sit for no more than a few minutes before mopping dry.

For even deeper stains, consider looking at a dedicated stain remover for timber flooring. Be mindful to select a stain remover that doesn’t contain any harsh abrasives or ingredients, causing its pH to be above 7.

By following the appropriate stain removal techniques, you can restore the beauty of your timber floors and prevent permanent damage.

Maintaining Ideal Humidity for Timber Floors

Preserving the appearance and longevity of your timber floors also involves maintaining ideal humidity levels in your home. A humidity range of 40-60% is optimal for preventing excessive expansion or contraction of the wood.

Maintaining your home’s humidity within this range will protect your timber floors from issues like warping, buckling, and other moisture-induced damages.

Choosing Cleaning Products for Timber Floors

Choosing the most suitable cleaning products for your timber floors is vital for their maintenance and damage prevention. A lot of people forget or don’t even consider finding out more about the timber in their homes before swabbing the deck.

We always recommend consulting with either the flooring manufacturer or reaching out to the Coach House Timbers team directly for specific recommendations that are not only safe for pets, families and the environment — but for your timber species as well!

As a general rule, do your best to avoid using harsh chemicals and abrasive cleaners that can damage the floor’s finish, and always follow label instructions to ensure proper use.


In conclusion, by adhering to essential cleaning techniques, choosing the right cleaning products, and managing humidity, you can ensure the beauty and longevity of your timber floors. With diligent care, they’ll remain a timeless and luxurious feature in your home for years to come.

If you’re unsure about which timber best suits your lifestyle or need tailored cleaning recommendations for your hardwood, don’t hesitate to reach out to the Coach House Timbers team for a consultation. We’re here to guide you every step of the way!